Riel Rebellion, 1885


Riel Rebellion, 1885
   The land question, which had given rise to the Red River Rebellion of 1869-1870, was also responsible for the Saskatchewan Rebellion of 1885. The government had neglected to issue patents to the half-breeds on the Saskatchewan, and they became convinced that their lands would be taken from them. Riel was sent for, and an agitation worked up, at first along peaceful lines, but rapidly moving towards violence. Riel finally threw discretion to the winds, and deliberately inflamed not only the half-breeds, but also the western tribes. A small detachment of Mounted Police and volunteers was attacked at Duck Lake, and the government at Ottawa, hitherto indifferent, awoke to the seriousness of the situation. A force was organized, and sent west under General Middleton. Middleton divided his force into three columns; one under General Strange, to operate against Big Bear in the neighbourhood of Edmonton; the second under Colonel Otter, to relieve Battleford, which was threatened by Poundmaker; and the third, of which he himself took command, to relieve Prince Albert. Middleton met the rebels at Fish Creek, and experienced a stubborn resistance, but drove them back to Batoche. Here Riel and his men held the troops at bay for three days, but were finally routed and scattered. Meanwhile Otter had encountered Poundmaker at Cut Knife Creek, and after a desperate fight had been forced to retreat. In the far west, Strange had a similar experience with Big Bear, but finally drove him to the north. Big Bear gave himself up; Poundmaker and Riel were captured, and the latter paid the penalty of his crimes on the scaffold.
   Index: See also Riel.
   Bib.: Boulton, Reminiscences of the North-West Rebellions; Report upon the Suppression of the Rebellion in the North-West; Denison, Soldiering in Canada.

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  • Riel Rebellion — The Riel Rebellion (or more precisely Riel Rebellions) is the name often given to two uprisings led by Louis Riel in what are now Manitoba and Saskatchewan. These were: *The Red River Rebellion of 1869 *The North West Rebellion of 1885 …   Wikipedia

  • Riel, Louis — (1844 1885)    Born in St. Boniface, Manitoba. Educated at the Jesuit College, Montreal. Leader of the Rebellion of 1869 1870; organized a provisional government at Fort Garry, but fled to the United States on the arrival of the punitive force… …   The makers of Canada

  • Rebellion du Nord-Ouest — Rébellion du Nord Ouest La bataille de Fish Creek La Rébellion du Nord Ouest (ou Rébellion de la Saskatchewan) de 1885 désigne une tentative brève et sans succès des Métis canadiens d établir un État indépendant dans l actuel territoire de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rébellion du nord-ouest — La bataille de Fish Creek La Rébellion du Nord Ouest (ou Rébellion de la Saskatchewan) de 1885 désigne une tentative brève et sans succès des Métis canadiens d établir un État indépendant dans l actuel territoire de la Saskatchewan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rébellion du Nord-Ouest — La bataille de Fish Creek La Rébellion du Nord Ouest (ou Rébellion de la Saskatchewan) de 1885 désigne une tentative brève et sans succès des Métis canadiens d établir un État indépendant dans l actuel territoire de la Saskatchewan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1885 au Québec — Éphémérides Chronologie du Québec : 1882 1883 1884  1885  1886 1887 1888 Décennies au Québec : 1850 1860 1870  1880  1890 1900 191 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1885 au Canada — Éphémérides Chronologie du Canada : 1882 1883 1884  1885  1886 1887 1888 Décennies au Canada : 1850 1860 1870  1880  1890 1900 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Riel Rebellions — (1869–1870, 1885)    Two revolts, led by the brilliant, charismatic, and delusional Louis Riel, of the Métis a mixed French Indian people of the Red River Valley in presentday Manitoba against the encroachment of the Dominion of Canada on their… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • 1885 — This article is about the year 1885. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 18th century – 19th century – 20th century Decades: 1850s  1860s  1870s  – 1880s –  1890s  190 …   Wikipedia

  • 1885 in Canada — See also: 1884 in Canada, other events of 1885, 1886 in Canada and the Timeline of Canadian history. Events* March 26 Louis Riel and the Métis battle the North West Mounted Police at Duck Lake * April 24 North West Rebellion: Battle of Fish Creek …   Wikipedia